Virtual Channel Demuxer - GOES Satellite Hunt

Virtual Channel Demuxer

Now we will demux the Virtual Channels. I current save all virtual channel payload (the 892 bytes) to a file called channel_ID.bin then I post process with a python script to separate the channel packets. Parsing the virtual channel header has also some advantages now that we can see if for some reason we skipped a frame of the channel, and also to discard the empty frames (I will talk about it later).

Fields:

Basically we will only use 2 values from the header: VCID and Counter.

uint32_t swapEndianess(uint32_t num) {
  return  ((num>>24)&0xff) | ((num<<8)&0xff0000) | ((num>>8)&0xff00) | ((num<<24)&0xff000000);
}
 
(...)
      uint8_t vcid = (*(rsCorrectedData+1)) & 0x3F;
 
      // Packet Counter from Packet
      uint32_t counter = *((uint32_t *) (rsCorrectedData+2));
      counter = swapEndianess(counter);
      counter &= 0xFFFFFF00;
      counter = counter >> 8;

I usually save the last counter value and compare with the current one to see if I lost any frame. Just be carefull that the counter value is per channel ID (VCID). I actually never got any VCID higher than 63, so I store the counter in a 256 int32_t array.

One last thing I do in the C code is to discard any frame that has 63 as VCID. The VCID 63 only contains Fill Packets, that is used for keeping the satellite signal continuous, even when not sending anything. The payload of the frame will always contain the same sequence (that can be sequence of 0, 1 or 01).